On many occasions the teeth present an unusual and inappropriate coloration, a yellowish coloration, much more than we would like, the reasons that can generate this undesirable coloration are many.
There are various causes that can exist for teeth to become dark. Mainly an inappropriate oral hygiene plus the consumption of some products cause alterations in the dental staining. In these cases, an excellent solution may be to resort to dental whitening by a professional.
So, what is teeth whitening?
Dental whitening is an aesthetic dental treatment, which aims to remove dental stains and also to make the teeth achieve a brighter and whiter shade. This procedure has become very popular, and one of the most requested nowadays because of the meaning it has with the aesthetics of each person.
Dentists are the best trained professionals to handle the different types of whitening agents, by following a proper protocol, firstly for diagnosis, treatment planning and then for maintaining the results. So it is very important that the person who is going to perform the treatment is fully aware of the pros and cons of both the techniques and the procedure of tooth whitening, and thus pass on all the knowledge to the patient.
Types of tooth whitening
This classification will depend on the type of tooth to be whitened.
Whitening of vital teeth: this type of whitening is divided into two different types.
- Dental whitening carried out in the dental surgery: this procedure is carried out in a dental clinic, where a whitening agent based on 35% hydrogen peroxide is applied and activated by a light source. Prior to this, it is mandatory to proceed with an appropriate prophylaxis and verify that each oral cavity is healthy. Then the area to be treated is isolated, so that there is no contact between the whitening agent and the periodontal tissues. The whitening agent is then applied. This method is usually quite effective because a high concentration of the whitening component is used.
- Outpatient whitening under the supervision of a dentist: This type of procedure uses a 10% concentration of carbamine peroxide. It is a procedure that can be carried out at the patient’s home, obviously under the strict indications of a professional. Prior to this procedure, an adequate prophylaxis and an oral check-up must first be performed. Then a splint is made to measure for the patient in order to avoid any kind of contact with the periodontal tissues.
Whitening in non-vital teeth: discoloration in non-vital teeth is due to both the presence of blood products and bacteria inside the canals. In this case, this type of whitening is usually carried out in the dental surgery and is based on the elimination of all those discolouring agents and necrotic tissue that exist. Non-vital teeth can be whitened in two different ways.
- Immediate technique: this consists of activating the mixture of sodium perborate with hydrogen peroxide at 35%. This is done through a hot instrument, and the result is instantly observed.
- Ambulatory technique: this tends to be a more prolonged process, the mixture made with sodium perborate and 35% hydrogen peroxide is taken to the pulp chamber cavity, and a temporary filling is placed on the surface.
There may be occasions when a combination of these two techniques is used.
Benefits of teeth whitening
The best and greatest benefit of having your teeth whitened is the improved self-esteem that this generates. We know that having a bad image can produce a lot of insecurity, making the person can withdraw in many situations.
Whitening your teeth can give you so much security that when you have to be the protagonist of an event you can show off a great smile without having to hide it, proudly showing off your white teeth smiling for photos and other opportunities.
Teeth whitening minimizes the appearance of facial wrinkles, which will make the person look much younger.
A whiter smile gives the people you are talking to a place to concentrate and gives you a more friendly appearance.
It improves the person’s attractiveness as it is much easier to kiss someone who has great looking teeth rather than someone who has brown, gray or yellow stained teeth. This benefits interpersonal relationships.
In most cases this type of procedure tends to be very affordable, improving your image at a cost that is quite accessible to anyone who wants it.
Several studies have shown the effects of carbamide peroxide as an oral antiseptic helps reduce plaque and likewise help heal wounds without side effects.
Who is teeth whitening good for?
This type of treatment is good for all those people who have poor oral hygiene, and who have consumed various products that have altered their teeth staining for a long time. In this way, stains can be caused that are intrinsic or endogenous, which are usually caused by some medicines, fluorosis, fractures, accidents, blows, vitamin deficiencies, among others.
Or stains of extrinsic or exogenous type, these are produced by acquiring drinks with pigments as they are the coffee, tea, wine, or the consumption of tobacco. And in the same way there are chlorhexidine toothpastes that tend to dye the teeth. Therefore, the best option for people whose teeth have a yellowish color as a result of these activities is to have their teeth whitened.